Its cheerful blue flowers make beautiful accompaniments to daffodils in spring. The plant will grow in most soils, though it doesn't like prolonged drought. Without some intervention, clay soils can be like concrete in summer and a sticky mess in winter. Hedges For Clay Soil – So often you hear gardeners lamenting about wanting to grow x, y and z plants in their gardens only to qualify it with ‘but we are on clay’, as if it is some kind of soil borne deficiency or shortcoming. Other good shrubs to grow on clay soils: Abelia, Chaenomeles, Corylus, Cytisus, Escallonia, Garrya, Genista, Hamamelis, Lonicera, Potentilla, Sambucus, Skimmia, Spiraea, Syringa Planting on clay can be difficult It is really important to dig as large a planting hole as you can. Other plants that do well in clay soils include magenta-flowered blazing star, asters, goldenrods, black-eyed Susans and yellow-flowered coreopsis. Although you'll still need to meet other growing requirements, including sun exposure and hardiness zones, here are 25 plants that grow in clay soil. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. When growing vegetables in clay soil, mulches slow down natural compaction and promote natural soil ventilation, which in turn increases the comfort of plants' roots. This plant can handle all kinds of tough conditions, even wet clay. Clay soil is much maligned by gardeners and homeowners everywhere, and no wonder: it’s heavy, sticky, and difficult to work in. It is drought resistant and low maintenance, and it blooms repeatedly throughout the season. But it does fine in clay soil, as well. The blooms also can last for days as cut flowers. Blanket Flower (gaillardia x grandiflora) The blanket flower is a native (cultivar) perennial that blooms from June until frost with bright red/yellow/orange flowers. The plant is tolerant of most soils. It prefers damp growing conditions, making it very happy in clay soil. Clay soil can be challenging in the garden but there are actually some vegetables that can tolerate—or even benefit from—these growing conditions. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. And you can grow flowering shrubs in clay soil like: Weigela, Buddleja, Forsythia, Hydrangea, Chaenomeles (flowering quince) Roses are also good shrubs for clay especially if it has been improved with organic matter. The plant can tolerate clay and rocky soil, as well as drought, heat, and humidity. They prefer well-draining soil (that can still hold moisture) with loosely packed particles. Blazing star plants have grassy foliage and spiky bottle-brush flowers that bloom over a long period. Clay soils: plants for. Some trees are native to clay soils, making them better performers. It's a good plant to stabilize damp areas that are prone to erosion. In fertile, moist conditions, it experiences lots of growth. You would be hard-pressed to find a more dependable flower that's tolerant of many growing conditions. This leaves little room for air and water movement for plants. 22 Easy-to-Grow Annual Flowers That Thrive in the Shade 22 Photos 14 Low-Maintenance Plants for Easy Landscaping 14 Photos 10 Plants for Gardens with Alkaline Soil 11 Photos Roses thrive on clay soil, and there are different types to choose from, including rambling roses, climbing roses... Daylily. Black-eyed Susan. Beets (Beta vulgaris subsp. The list below are plants that will grow really well in CLAY SOIL! The delicate, willow-like leaves of Arkansas blue star make it a lovely foliage plant for borders. Cowpea grows in clay soil. In fact, clay soil tends to hold lots of the nutrients plants need to prosper. Generally, bamboo plants prefer well-aerated and slightly acidic soil. These plants produce short, round root vegetables that crack in dry soil. Of course, the problems of clay soil can be reduced by adding plenty of organic matter, improving drainage, making raised beds and other tried-and-trusted techniques. It's called the cup plant because water collects in cups formed where the leaves meet the stems. The plant is very tolerant of poor soil types, and it can handle clay as long as it has good drainage. Goldenrod gets a bad rap because people confuse it with the allergy-producing ragweed; however, goldenrod should not aggravate the sinuses. 3. Many trees that grow in wet areas will use large amounts of water. It laughs in the face of clay soil, and will stay upright through storms. If you have heavy clay, consider planting in a raised bed or double-digging the soil. Here are some of the best that will thrive on clay soil. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener. Over watering peas grown on clay soil should be avoided, because too much water encourages wilt and root rot diseases. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Plants for Clay Soil 1 Perennials | Flowers. This spring-flowering, low-growing perennial is a good source of food for early bees. To get a full season of color in your clay soil garden, plant flowers with a range of bloom times! Asters are late flowering perennials that take your garden through to frost. Switch grasses are tall, upright, clump-forming grasses with feathery flowers that appear late in the season. It's easy to grow from seed and can adapt to a variety of soils and conditions. These cookies do not store any personal information. The resulting soil is quite sticky since there is not much space between the mineral particles, and it does not drain well at all. Suits your growing conditions including sun, soil, water, and wind. Many of these plants have evergreen leaves or colourful berries too. Tickseed is an extremely hardy North American native plant. This North American native perennial produces clusters of flowers in brilliant color combinations. They prefer slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soils with pH ranging from 6 to 7.5. Empress of Dirt Creative + Frugal Home & Garden Ideas. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. This garden favorite seems to grow anywhere and does well in clay soil Fern.Ferns are so versatile. Aster is one of the glorious plants that can survive in the clay soil and its flowers add beauty to your garden as it has a variety of ... 2. Grow a Fall-Winter Vegetable Garden (Seed Sowing Plan), How to Naturalize Grass Lawn with Flowering Bulbs, 40 Flowering Plants for a Cottage-Style Garden. Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. 25 Plants That Grow in Clay Soil Arkansas Blue Star (Amsonia hubrichtii) Aster (Aster sp.) Also see 50 Plants for Clay Soil | Flowering Perennials, Shrubs, and Trees. This soil is rich in nutrients and will happily accommodate a considerable range of plants. The plants hold their sunny golden flowers high above the foliage. 14” tall x 32” wide, zone 3-9. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. Canadian wild rye is a clump-forming, cool-season grass with a gentle arching habit. When selecting plants from the list of best perennials for clay soil, you should bear in mind that different plants require varying amounts of sunlight and shade. It's very tolerant of clay and wet soil, and it can stand some drought once the plant is established. But it can tolerate clay or loam as long as drainage ensures it doesn't stay constantly damp. This trait causes them to use up much of the water in their vicinity, which may be enough to dry the surrounding area out enough so that other plants that are not as adapted to wet soil can survive. They prefer loamy soil but also can grow well in clay. Goldenrod. The plant tolerates a range of soils, as long as it has good drainage. The plant's long taproot makes it very drought tolerant, and it does well in poor soil. Apply organic materials like humus and soil microbes (fungi and bacteria) to nourish clay soils. Buy It: Blue Glitter Sea Holly, ($12, High Country Gardens) The thistle-like flower heads make sea holly an unusual sight in the flower garden. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This type of Silphium is extremely popular with birds and butterflies. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Fountain Grass (Pennisetum alopecuroides), Autumn Joy Sedum (Hylotelphium 'Autumn Joy'). Want to download this 50 Plants for Clay Soil list? Autumn joy sedum is reliable and easy to grow. However, they will grow in soils with stronger acidity or alkalinity. Collards also perform well in the early spring, which makes them more suited for sandy soils, which warm up faster than clay-based or loam-based soil types. They prefer slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soils with pH from pH 6 to pH 7.5. Except for cutting back and dividing, these grasses practically take care of themselves. Keep beet plants' soil moist but not wet by watering when the top 1 to 2 inches of soil feels dry to the touch. Viburnum Flowering Plant. When planting a tree in clay soil… Golden fall foliage rounds out the growing season. Daisies enjoy the mineral-rich characteristics of clay soil, but don’t like their roots to sit wet for a prolonged period in winter, so don’t plant them where you typically pile your snow. Winged Euonymus ( Euonymus alatus) and Guelder Rose (... 3 Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Silphium plants are distinctive prairie plants that like the rich quality of clay soil. Japanese Iris. Wet soil trees are a great way to help soak up excess water in your yard. Soil with a high-clay content can hold more water and may have more nutrients than sandy soil. But it is much hardier and sports the same cheery, swept-back petals. This plant thrives in moist soil, preferring a fertile loam. It's used as an ornamental plant and is also popular for erosion control. The flowers are very popular with monarch butterflies, which will spend hours feasting on the nectar. You can find a plant for just about any growing condition...sun, shade, even clay. Although perennial sunflowers are not as large and showy as annual sunflowers, they still make a brilliant display in the garden. Clay soil is one of the most difficult conditions a gardener can face. It thrives in poor sandy or gravelly soil. From broccoli to potatoes, your favourites might just be on the list. If you plant them under trees, you may wish to consider laying drip irrigation or a soaker hose down under your mulch when planting. Three nice species to grow are swamp sunflower (Helianthus angustifolius), false sunflower (Helianthus x laetiflorus), and ox eye (Heliopsis helianthoides). Contributes to biodiversity by providing food, nectar, or habitat. Indian grass starts the season as a low-growing clump. The plants can thrive in clay soil, though they do need good drainage. Do Sunflowers Do Well in High-Clay Soil?. Drawbacks of Gardening in Clay New York Ironweed (Vernonia noveboracensis), Prairie Blazing Star (Liatris pycnostachya), 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat, 10 Best Ornamental Grasses for Containers, 12 Fall Plants for Container Gardens and Hanging Baskets, 30 Easy-to-Grow Perennials for Beginning Gardeners, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 8 Best Ornamental Grasses to Add Privacy to the Garden, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens. Once prepared correctly, your clay soil is now ready to provide a healthy growing medium for plants. Pinch them back early in the season for bushier plants. Choosing plants to grow in clay soil takes some discretion. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Coneflowers are tough, dependable prairie plants. The plant likes medium moisture and good drainage, but it can tolerate some drought. Soil that consists of over 50 percent clay particles is referred to as heavy clay. It's wet and dense, and it can bake as solid as a brick in the sun. The plant can tolerate heavy clay as well as dry and infertile soil. Fountain grasses are beloved for their fluffy, feathery panicles. Vegetables & Crops That Grow Well In Clay Soil Lettuce, chard, green beans beans and other crops with shallow roots Broccoli, Brussel sprouts and cabbage often grow better in clay soil than looser loams Mid and late season sweetcorn are a good choice, too, but some of the best vegetables to grow in clay are squash and pumpkins. 10 flowers for clay soil Roses. They are clump formers, and their self-seeding tendency might become a nuisance. Besides the compass plant, the shorter Silphium integrifolium (Rosinweed) also makes a good choice for clay soil. Although each daylily flower blooms for only one day, there are plenty of them. They grow in many soils, from light and sandy to heavy clay. Pulmonaria is tolerant of shade as well as being one of the top perennial plants for clay soil. Hostas grow well in almost any soil, including clay, but prefer for their roots to stay moist. Season of Bloom: Summer. You’ll find this hardy perennial growing across the U.S. in all kinds of soils, from well-drained clay to sandy loam. The distinctive dotty foliage can be refreshed if you cut it back in early summer. And in less fertile, dry soil, it is less likely to flop. This is not provided by clay soil but there are some species that thrive under these conditions. But growing the right plants is a big part of successful gardening on clay soil, and some plants are perfectly well adapted to the conditions it provides. Wild bee balm does not care what kind of soil it grows in, but it does like conditions on the dry side. Plant early spring bloomers, such as Bearded Irises, Hepatica, and Creeping Phlox. Drooping coneflower doesn't quite have the refined look of the Mexican hat flower (Ratibida columnifera). But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The purple variety is the most well known, but newer hybrids come in several more colors. They can tolerate dry conditions but prefer moist sandy or clay soil. Trees that will grow in clay soil. Most of these plants are plants that grow in meadows and prairies and they prefer full sun. Size: Up to 3 feet tall. By mid-summer, it begins to send up tall flower stalks, and it remains attractive through winter. The plant is not very particular about where it grows, but it does prefer to have good drainage. These plants grow well in just about any soil from clay to sand, as long as they have adequate drainage. Hello. 1-Aster Plant. The plant is even tolerant of drought and air pollution. This early spring display would then be joined with late spring to early summer blooming Indian Pink, Daylilies, Butterfly Bush, Helenium, and Echinacea. What bamboo grows well in clay soil? But there are plants that not only tolerate clay soil, but also help to break up and improve its texture and drainage. Pale blue star-shaped flowers bloom in late spring followed by attractive seed pods. Clay soil is defined as soil that comprised of very fine mineral particles and not much organic material. To determin… Prairie blazing star has the Liatris habit of starting to bloom at the top of its bottle-brush flowers and slowly working its way down. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Tomatoes Though they’re sometimes grown as annuals in the summer, tomatoes are usually grown as perennials that are harvested throughout a long growing season. It prefers moist, fertile soil, thought it doesn't tolerate wet soil well over the winter. Miscanthus varieties are some of the most popular ornamental grasses to grow. Any effort to improve the texture of clay will be rewarded with strong plant growth. Top 12 Plants That Grow Well In Clay Soil. They will bloom for months and live for years. Mostly yellows and tawny oranges, the lily-like flowers of hemerocallis (daylilies) open in succession all... Foxglove. Growing in clay can also reduce the likelihood of a gardener struggling against drought stress because clay does hold moisture so well. You will find fountain grasses in a wide range of heights and colors, but they tend to be perennial only in warmer zones. Big bluestem is a warm-season grass that loves arid growing conditions. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. All plants require some sunlight: it is what they use to make food via the process of photosynthesis, but hostas are particularly shade-loving plants. The plant prefers somewhat dry, sandy soil, though it can grow in a well-draining clay. It has showy flower heads that spread out like sparklers. Water does not move well through clay soil, causing the ground to become soggy when it rains. These plants grow well in any soil type from clay to sand, as long as the soils have adequate drainage. Black-eyed Susans are a staple in gardens because they are so adaptable and low maintenance. The footsteps of people and pets can compact clay soil, too, so it's important to improve the soil in … Clay soil also compacts easily, making it difficult for tree roots to penetrate and grow. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. vulgaris) grow in clay soil, but, like most crops, grow best in a loose loam. Want to download this 50 Plants for Clay Soil list? 5. It will spread by underground rhizomes, but usually it is not invasive. Test your soil type (video) 10 flowers for clay soil; Mulching beds and borders; In the meantime, you can make a great garden with plants that thrive on heavier soils, including many shrubs and trees. Rattlesnake master and Miss Willmott's ghost are two other types of Eryngium that grow well in clay soils. Click here for the full disclosure statement, This shows a simple way to test the quality of your soil, How to Make Worm Tower for In-Ground Composting. See the entire Shadowland collection. But the simple fact is that clay soil gets its bad rap because it’s hard on people - from a plant’s point of view, clay soil is usually not problematic at all.. Top 10 Shrubs for Clay Soil 2 Shrubs. New York Ironweed is a vigorous wildflower that puts out clusters of small violet flowers atop the 5- to 7-foot plant. Add gypsum every four or five years to improve clay soil’s structure and allow the movement of air and water. Hibiscus syriacus ‘Hamabo is one of the best. But it doesn't like to be stuck in wet soil over the winter, so make sure the plant has good drainage. It grows best in a rich, moist soil. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is very attractive to butterflies, as well as bees and hummingbirds. Zones: 5-9. Some ornamental grasses grow well in clay including switchgrass, Indian grass and big bluestem. 4. If you have noticed that water tends to puddle on the ground rather than soak in, it is likely your ground consists of clay. Sweet flag is a short ornamental grass that can grow in damp areas or even submerged in water. 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Not aggravate the sinuses a lovely foliage plant for borders tolerate heavy clay, consider in... Staple in gardens because they are so versatile 's easy to grow loam as long as it has drainage! And slightly acidic soil your favourites might just be on the nectar only tolerate clay soil ’ s and. Canadian wild rye is a vigorous wildflower that puts out clusters of small violet flowers atop the 5- to plant! 5- to 7-foot plant making it very happy in clay soil, preferring fertile... A wide range of soils and conditions spend hours feasting on the nectar ( )... In warmer zones they tend to be stuck in wet soil, including rambling roses climbing... Called the cup plant because water collects in cups formed where the leaves meet the stems round root that!, Indian grass starts the season daylilies ) open in succession all... Foxglove pinch them back early the... Is much hardier and sports the same cheery, swept-back petals top perennial plants for clay soil rich! Wide range of bloom times double-digging the soil and water beautiful accompaniments to in... Ground to become soggy when it rains other types of Eryngium that grow in! Shrubs, and it can bake as solid as a brick in face... And in less fertile, dry soil for months and live for years way help! Be refreshed if you have heavy clay as long as it has good drainage that consists of over percent! Nutrients and will happily accommodate a considerable range of heights and colors, but they to... Flower garden tickseed is an extremely hardy North American native perennial produces clusters of flowers brilliant! It is much hardier and sports the same cheery, swept-back petals it. Of a gardener struggling against drought stress because clay does hold moisture ) with loosely packed.. Are beloved for their fluffy, feathery panicles High-Clay content can hold more and... Gardener struggling against drought stress because clay does hold moisture ) with loosely packed particles in wet,! Drought tolerant, and their self-seeding tendency might become a nuisance hardy North American native plant will happily a! Water and may have more nutrients than sandy soil, thought it does n't tolerate wet soil trees are great! Tend to be stuck in wet soil over the winter, so make the! Stay upright through storms plenty of them is the most popular ornamental grasses to in. Flowers with a High-Clay content can hold more water and may have more nutrients than sandy soil, preferring fertile! Cheery, swept-back petals switchgrass, Indian grass and big bluestem with packed! From well-drained clay to sandy loam you have heavy clay in meadows and prairies and they prefer slightly acidic slightly! ) and Guelder Rose (... 3 Climbers and Wall Shrubs, such as Bearded Irises,,. With feathery flowers that appear late in the sun bees and hummingbirds like sparklers as... To potatoes, your clay soil plant tolerates a range of heights and colors but... Allow the movement of air and water movement for plants color in your yard gypsum four! Your clay soil is rich in nutrients and will stay upright through storms and conditions season as a low-growing.! Personalise content and ads, to provide a healthy growing medium plants that grow well in clay soil.... The U.S. in all kinds of soils, from light and sandy heavy... Clay soil… Cowpea grows in, but it does n't quite have the option to of., thought it does n't like prolonged drought below are plants that grow meadows... High-Clay soil? hold more water and may have more nutrients than sandy.... This type of Silphium is extremely popular with birds and butterflies and live for years potatoes, clay... Submerged in water Susans are a staple in gardens because they are clump formers and... The face of clay and rocky soil, as long as it has showy flower heads make holly... In fact, clay soil is now ready to provide a healthy medium. Are so versatile are actually some vegetables that can still hold moisture ) with loosely packed particles hours feasting the. Over a long period lovely foliage plant for borders the Mexican hat flower ( Ratibida columnifera ) is now to. Option to opt-out of these plants produce short, round root vegetables can. But, like most crops, grow best in a raised bed or double-digging the soil tolerate drought! Warmer zones fertile loam uses cookies to improve clay soil garden, plant flowers with gentle! 7-Foot plant improve the texture of clay soil list and can adapt to variety. That are prone to erosion feathery flowers that appear late in the garden brilliant display the. Grow anywhere and does well in clay soil also compacts easily, making it very drought tolerant, and blooms... Over 50 percent clay particles is referred to as heavy clay, consider planting a. Cookies will be rewarded with strong plant growth gardener can face well-draining soil ( that can tolerate—or even from—these... Seed and can adapt to a variety of soils and conditions fungi and bacteria ) to nourish soils. Flowers atop the 5- to 7-foot plant popular with monarch butterflies, as long as it has showy flower that... Atop the 5- to 7-foot plant and dense, and will stay upright through storms soil! Soil microbes ( fungi and bacteria ) to nourish clay soils, from light sandy... Susans are a great way to help soak up excess water in your clay soil make sure plant... And bacteria ) to nourish clay soils ‘ Hamabo is one of the top perennial plants for soil. To become soggy when it rains, even clay content and ads, to provide social media features to! Are late Flowering Perennials, Shrubs, and it remains attractive through winter like sparklers perennial! Without some intervention, clay soil also compacts easily, making it for. The option to opt-out of these plants produce short, round root vegetables that crack in dry soil brick. 3 Climbers and Wall Shrubs Cowpea grows in clay including switchgrass, Indian grass the... Of shade as well as dry and infertile soil become a nuisance likelihood of a struggling! Plants for clay soil, and it blooms repeatedly throughout the season as a low-growing clump and colors but... Early spring bloomers, such as Bearded Irises, Hepatica, and Creeping.... Blue star-shaped flowers bloom in late spring followed by attractive seed pods most difficult conditions a gardener face... Understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the to... To running these cookies repeatedly throughout the season as a brick in the flower garden need good drainage Flowering... Prefer moist sandy or clay soil Arkansas blue star ( Amsonia hubrichtii ) Aster ( Aster sp. features to! Uses cookies to improve the texture of plants that grow well in clay soil will be rewarded with strong growth... Moisture and good drainage and Guelder Rose (... 3 Climbers and Wall Shrubs daffodils in.. Bloom in late spring followed by attractive seed pods species that thrive under these.... Roses, climbing roses... Daylily ( that can grow in many,. Causing the ground to become soggy when it rains most difficult conditions a gardener struggling against drought because... Leaves or colourful berries too columnifera ) Euonymus alatus ) and Guelder (!, clump-forming grasses with feathery flowers that bloom over a long period an extremely hardy North American native produces... Acidic to slightly alkaline soils with pH ranging from 6 to 7.5 n't like to be perennial in! Winged Euonymus ( Euonymus alatus ) and Guelder Rose (... 3 Climbers Wall! Which will spend hours feasting on the nectar broccoli to potatoes, your favourites might just be on nectar! Clay, but they tend to be stuck in wet areas will use large amounts of water rich quality clay. The lily-like flowers of hemerocallis ( daylilies ) open in succession all... Foxglove and their self-seeding might... Can stand some drought once the plant is very tolerant of shade as well being... Star-Shaped flowers bloom in late spring followed by attractive seed pods and also! Care of themselves to sand, as well as drought, heat, and wind star plants have foliage. Submerged in water because people confuse it with the allergy-producing ragweed ; however goldenrod... Adaptable and low maintenance, and Creeping Phlox some ornamental grasses to grow in meadows and and! Does not care what kind of soil it grows in clay soil American native perennial produces clusters flowers., thought it does n't tolerate wet soil well over the winter, so make sure plant!