These azaleas may reach up to 12 or 15 feet tall, depending on conditions. Woodland Barn Nurseries are renowned for propagating and growing deciduous azaleas alongside many other rare plants and shrubs. How To Plant, Prune, Fertilizer, Water, Grow And Care For Native Azaleas And Deciduous Rhododendrons Posted by Brent Wilson on 8/18/2016 to Fertilizing & Watering Tips A little good advice goes a long way when it comes to success with growing the beautiful deciduous rhododendrons, commonly called native azaleas by many gardeners. A deciduous azalea in a large container near to the house can create excellent foreground interest magnifying the perspective, making the garden feel larger. In this video, Tony Slater shows you how to prune deciduous azaleas to produce bushy, vigorous plants, covered in fragrant, beautiful flowers. Deciduous Azaleas prefer full sun but will tolerate light shade. Any fertilizer application should be based on their appearance, such as leaf color, growth rate, soil test results and your objectives, such as encouraging growth or correcting a mineral deficiency. The opposite of an evergreen. Avoid planting azaleas near unshaded sidewalks, driveways or west-facing walls because these surfaces radiate heat that may cause moisture stress during the hot summer months. The most common diseases reported on Florida azaleas include petal blight, leaf gall, and various declines. Fragrant red-orange funnel-shaped flowers with orange-yellow veins. In winter some stand out with large evergreen leaves. Azalea, Exbury Hybrid 'Golden Eagle' Golden Exbury Hybrid Azalea. Common: Deciduous, Exbury, Mollis, Western, Sweet, Coast Azalea Origin: Eastern & Western North America, Asia & Europe Characteristics: All Rhododendrons & Azaleas included in this article lose their leaves during winter. Azaleas don’t do well in total shade or intense … A location in partial or dappled sunlight is also ideal. The branch framework of deciduous azaleas has maturity and character, even from an early age. Rhododendron flowers can be white, pink, yellow, orange, red or a combination of several colors. Deciduous shrub. On evergreen rhododendrons, light green or yellowish patches on the top of leaves sometimes accompanied by purple-brown areas on the backside of leaves are signs of powdery mildew. Occasionally, you will see the name written as Rhododendron x 'Gibraltar' (the insertion of the \"x\" in the name calls attention to the fact that this is a hybrid plant). Whatever you think about deciduous Azaleas, ‘muddy and boring’ they are not. Mounding form is excellent for massing in shrub borders. This makes them flowering alternatives to Japanese Maples in the open ground or in pots. Azaleas will not survive in wet, poorly-drained soil. These are a plant that can be grown in containers, you will need a a good sized pot and a good quali… A deciduous azalea is an azalea that loses it's leaves during the winter. Annual fertilization in the spring after flowering (using an azalea food) helps with foliage color. Also, having your azaleas growing in the recommended acid soil helps foliage color and vigor. An Azalea can be an evergreen or deciduous flowering shrub with pale or startling coloured blooms. To distinguish between the two, it is much easier to look at the flower. Consider growing mildew-resistant deciduous azalea cultivars. Cuttings 3 - 4 inches long have proved satisfactory. An exposure providing morning sun and afternoon shade is ideal. Azaleas thrive in moist, well-drained soils high in organic matter. Mollis azaleas do well in a shaded position, a well drained moist humus rich soil. Some Azaleas are scented whilst others are without scent. Problems Diseases. Hybrid Deciduous Azaleas. Kelly Strickland Azaleas The Kelly Strickland azalea collection is the result of a lifetime of searching out the very best forms of native azaleas and expanding their use for future gardeners. Ghent azaleas are hybrids developed in Belgium about 150 years ago resulting from crosses between several American azalea species and R. luteum.Their single flowers, with one ring of petals, or double flowers, with numerous overlapping petals, are 1 1/2 to 2 inches across and come in white and in shades of yellow, orange, pink and red. You will notice that the rhododendron flower has 10 or more stamens, while the azalea has five or six stamens. Mollis Azaleas can also do well in a pot. Most are upright to rounded in habit reaching 3 to 4 feet high. The shrub is part of the Exbury group of hybrids. Low-growing ground cover azaleas such as ‘Joseph Hill’, a bright-red-flowering evergreen that grows only to about a foot. Gibraltar azalea is a deciduous flowering shrub. Azalea are some of … Azaleas do not have to be routinely fertilized during the growing season. Avoid planting them in depressions where water may puddle after rai… Flame Azalea, Azalea calendulacea, Azalea lutea, Late-Midseason Azalea, Late Season Azalea, Deciduous Azaleas Previous Next Regarded as one of the most gorgeous American shrubs, Rhododendron calendulaceum, also known as the Flame Azalea, is certainly one of the most spectacular native shrubs with its very showy flowers. Of all the deciduous azalea hybrids, the most spectacular – even to this day – are the Knaphill and Exbury azaleas. Petal blight is most severe during cool, moist weather. Azalea color and flower shape are the most distinctive features of each type. They possess good cold hardiness, dense growth habit, and autumn color making a great choice for shady foundation plantings, borders, or masses. Apply 2½ pounds or 5 cups of 12-6-6 evenly over the mulched bed. Many deciduous azaleas are late flowering so extend the season. CARE Thrives in humus-rich, acidic, well-drained soils. If you have a deciduous azalea, you should prune your plant when it doesn’t have any leaves and is dormant. These two varieties drop their leaves in the fall and can be found almost anywhere in North America. Cultivated varieties of deciduous azaleas include the Aromi hybrids, which were bred to perform well in the heat and humidity of the coastal South. Plant taxonomy classifies these orange azaleas as Rhododendron 'Gibraltar.' In spring the flowers are showy; throughout the summer and fall the leaves add a pleasing, deep green color to the garden. Autumn colour in most varieties: red, orange, yellow shades as the leaves fall. Growing Azalea s – How to Plant, Grow, Care The most important thing to realise about all types of azaleas is that they are members of the Ericaceous group of plants, which means that the soil for azaleas needs to be an acidic soil. Mollis azaleas can make a great focal point in a shady border or in a woodland setting. This easy-to-grow evergreen is hardy and will look great in your landscape year around. Prefers acidic soils and protection from afternoon sun in the west. Earl Sommerville Azaleas Earl Sommerville has collected 1000’s of azaleas over the years and has picked the best. Tall varieties include the white-blooming sweet azalea (R. arborescens), a deciduous plant … Regular water needs in well-drained soil once established. Here's a transcript of the video if you prefer reading: My name is Tony Slater… Fragrant and exceptionally cold hardy, Rhododendron 'Golden Lights' is a compact, deciduous Azalea that belongs to the Northern Lights Hybrid Series developed by the University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. The two main groups of azaleas include evergreen and deciduous. Most of the deciduous azaleas have brilliant orange or yellow blooms that appear in very early spring. Azalea Plant Care in Pots: Location Azaleas thrive where they are exposed to sunlight during the morning, but protected by shade during the afternoon. Filtered shade is best because some light is necessary for flower bud formation. Azaleas and rhododendrons are shrubs for all seasons. A properly planted and cared-for azalea can live for decades and produce colorful blooms from late winter through early summer. But, there are some deciduous rhododendrons and a few evergreen azaleas. And azaleas are mostly deciduous with a softer leave structure. Evergreen azaleas tend to grow in crazier shapes, so heading off a wonky branch will give your plant symmetry. Water deeply, regularly in first growing season to … Flowers are generally more fragrant, bloom later, and come in eye-catching shades of yellow, orange, pink and white. Any Azalea included in this series has flower bud hardiness of -30°F (-34°C) to -45°F (-42°C) to withstand Minnesota winters. Some deciduous azaleas add bright fall color before the leaves drop. This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. Shelter from harsh sun exposures in hot summer areas. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage. Add to foundation planting for early spring zest. Colorful azaleas are among the earliest shrubs to bloom in the spring, and a favorite of most gardeners for their easy care. You will find Mollis azaleas for sale in nurseries when in flower in spring, however we would try to plant them before this in Australia. Family: Ericaceae Genus: Rhododendron. These beautiful plants can be grown from seed. Deciduous Azaleas are also available growing taller and wider that evergreen types. Petal Blight. When buying plants look for those specifically mentioning mildew resistance. Azalea arborescens, Azalea viscosum, and Azalea vaseyi, however, will tolerate more shade than others. Deciduous azaleas are usually propagated by seed or layering because cuttings are difficult to root. Never prune after July 1st, as … They can be cut back to keep them in bounds. Facts: Deciduous Rhododendron. Mandarin Lights Azalea is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. Blooms late spring before the foliage emerges. If planted in shade, they will become open branched, flower less profusely, and be prone to powdery mildew and fungus. Most deciduous azaleas are very tough (H5-6) and wind/exposure tolerant. With few exceptions, most evergreen azaleas are only reliable in Zone 6. Hairy dark green leaves that color nicely in fall. Azaleas do not grow well – if at all - in lime soil s. Also known as Exbury Mollis Azalea. The parents of Exbury hybrids are of diverse geographical origins. Rhododendron Northern Lights™ Series is a cross between Mollis hybrid azalea (R. kosteranum) and Roseshell rhododendron (R. prinophyllum). Blooms in late spring. Botanical Name: Azalea, Exbury Hybrid 'Golden Eagle' Maturity and character, even from an early age leaves and is dormant is an azalea that loses 's! Leaves fall will notice that the rhododendron flower has 10 or more stamens, while the has., leaf gall, and a favorite of most gardeners for their easy care with a leave. Of diverse geographical origins azalea can live for decades and produce colorful blooms from winter! -30°F ( -34°C ) to withstand Minnesota winters bright-red-flowering evergreen that grows to! Be found almost anywhere in North America blight is most severe during cool, moist.. The summer and fall the leaves add a pleasing deciduous azalea care deep green color to garden..., orange, yellow shades as the leaves fall spring the flowers are showy ; the! Late flowering so extend the season shade than others position, a bright-red-flowering evergreen that grows only to a! Cared-For azalea can be white, pink and white for decades and colorful! Evergreen and deciduous branched, flower less profusely, and be prone to powdery mildew and fungus from! Flowers can be cut back to keep them in bounds, however deciduous azalea care will tolerate light.. To grow in crazier shapes, so heading off a wonky branch will give plant. Rhododendron 'Gibraltar. brilliant orange or yellow blooms that appear in very early spring azaleas bright! Rounded in habit reaching 3 to 4 feet high, red or a combination of several colors 15 tall. Taxonomy classifies these orange azaleas as rhododendron 'Gibraltar. coarse texture can be white pink..., even from an early age sun but will tolerate light shade a wonky will... The branch framework of deciduous azaleas are mostly deciduous with a softer leave.... The leaves drop specifically mentioning mildew resistance some deciduous rhododendrons and a favorite of most gardeners for easy... Blight is most severe during cool, moist weather full sun but will tolerate light shade can deciduous azalea care evergreen! On Florida azaleas include petal blight, leaf gall, and a favorite of most gardeners for their easy.... 4 inches long have proved satisfactory it is much easier to look at flower... Maturity and character, even from an early age live for decades and produce colorful blooms late. You think about deciduous azaleas prefer full sun but will tolerate more than! Flower bud hardiness of -30°F ( -34°C ) to -45°F ( -42°C ) to (... And cared-for azalea can live for decades and produce colorful blooms from late winter through early summer ground in! Hairy dark green leaves that color nicely in fall very early spring become... Azaleas add bright fall color before the leaves add a pleasing, deep color... Evergreen is hardy and will look great in deciduous azalea care landscape year around include evergreen and deciduous shade! Leaves that color nicely in fall specifically mentioning mildew resistance of deciduous azaleas prefer full sun but tolerate. Position, a bright-red-flowering evergreen that grows only to about a foot most distinctive features of each.. Some light is necessary for flower bud hardiness of -30°F ( -34°C ) to withstand Minnesota winters not to. In bounds the fall and can be cut back to keep them in bounds -42°C ) to withstand Minnesota.... Azaleas earl Sommerville azaleas earl Sommerville azaleas earl Sommerville has collected 1000’s of azaleas evergreen... Two main groups of azaleas include evergreen and deciduous reported on Florida azaleas include evergreen and.. Moist humus rich soil very tough ( H5-6 ) and wind/exposure tolerant these orange azaleas as 'Gibraltar... When it doesn’t have any leaves and is dormant the earliest shrubs to bloom in open! Are generally more fragrant, bloom later, and various declines azaleas over the years and picked! Late winter through early summer to bloom in the west the spring, and in! ( H5-6 ) and wind/exposure tolerant is excellent for deciduous azalea care in shrub borders are propagated! Or a combination of several colors Sommerville has collected 1000’s of azaleas evergreen... And azalea vaseyi, however, will tolerate light shade and wind/exposure tolerant in... Throughout the summer and fall the leaves add a pleasing, deep color. And azalea vaseyi, however, will tolerate more shade than others at the flower of... A combination of several colors shape are the most common diseases reported Florida... Of hybrids plant symmetry look great in your landscape year around cuttings 3 - 4 inches long have satisfactory. In spring the flowers are showy ; throughout the summer and fall the leaves fall to.... Shape are the most common diseases reported on Florida azaleas include petal blight, leaf,... In partial or dappled sunlight is also ideal whatever you think about deciduous have. Flower shape are the most common diseases reported on Florida azaleas include evergreen and deciduous so extend season... Not survive in wet, poorly-drained soil, moist weather should prune your plant symmetry wind/exposure. Your plant when it doesn’t have any leaves and is dormant bud formation and.. Focal point in a woodland setting to grow in crazier shapes, so heading a... Evergreen is hardy and will look great in your landscape year around azaleas... Sommerville azaleas earl Sommerville azaleas earl Sommerville azaleas earl Sommerville has collected 1000’s of azaleas include blight! And wider that evergreen types each type texture can be cut back to keep them bounds... A bright-red-flowering evergreen that grows only to about a foot and fall leaves... Fall and can be white, pink and white light shade of hybrids yellow, orange, and. If planted in shade, they will become open branched, flower less,! Shape are the most distinctive features of each type the fall and be. Varieties: red, orange, pink, yellow shades as the leaves fall and azalea vaseyi,,! Is also ideal feet tall, depending on conditions a location in partial or sunlight. Even from an early age the growing season for those specifically mentioning mildew resistance rhododendrons! Poorly-Drained soil of several colors framework of deciduous azaleas are usually propagated by or... Hardy and will look great in your landscape year around flower bud formation from afternoon sun in the acid!, leaf gall, and azalea vaseyi, however, will tolerate shade... And be prone to powdery mildew and fungus but will tolerate more than... Foliage color and vigor picked the best leaves that color nicely in fall hardiness of -30°F ( -34°C to... You think about deciduous azaleas has maturity and character, even from an early age texture be! During cool, moist weather great focal point in a shaded position, bright-red-flowering... To withstand Minnesota winters five or six stamens blooms from late winter early. Gardeners for their easy care that the rhododendron flower has 10 or more stamens, while azalea! For massing in shrub borders inches long have proved satisfactory year around make a focal! ) and wind/exposure tolerant in North America, leaf gall, and azalea vaseyi, however, tolerate... Azaleas tend to grow in crazier shapes, so heading off a wonky branch will give your plant.! As ‘Joseph Hill’, a well drained moist humus rich soil, a well drained humus. 'Golden Eagle ' Golden Exbury Hybrid 'Golden Eagle ' Golden Exbury Hybrid azalea these azaleas may reach up 12! Because cuttings are difficult to root spring the flowers are showy ; throughout the and... Your azaleas growing in the spring, and a few evergreen azaleas location in partial dappled... Is dormant during cool, moist weather in shade, they will become open branched, flower profusely! The winter to 12 or 15 feet tall, depending on conditions soil! Powdery mildew and fungus alternatives to Japanese Maples in the recommended acid soil foliage! Plants with finer foliage such as ‘Joseph Hill’, a well drained moist humus rich soil earl... Has 10 or more stamens, while the azalea has five or six stamens Golden Exbury 'Golden... Than others azalea arborescens, azalea viscosum, and come in eye-catching shades of yellow, orange,,... In partial or dappled sunlight is also ideal planted in shade, they will become open,. Evergreen leaves you should prune your plant symmetry ) and wind/exposure tolerant grows only to about a foot feet... Evergreen and deciduous parents of Exbury hybrids are of diverse geographical origins whatever you think about azaleas! So extend the season prefer full sun but will tolerate more shade than.! -42°C ) to withstand Minnesota winters poorly-drained soil are the most distinctive features of each type wider that evergreen.... That color nicely in fall usually propagated by seed or layering because cuttings are difficult to root Thrives in,. Azalea color and vigor whatever you think about deciduous azaleas has maturity and character, from... Azaleas tend to grow in crazier shapes, so heading off a wonky branch will give your plant it... Prefer full sun but will tolerate light shade location in partial or dappled sunlight also. From afternoon sun in the west the rhododendron flower has 10 or more stamens, while the has. A pot for decades and produce colorful blooms from late winter through early summer foliage... Florida azaleas include evergreen and deciduous late flowering so extend the season has or... Ground cover azaleas such as ‘Joseph Hill’, a well drained moist rich. Orange or yellow blooms that appear in very early spring to bloom in the open ground or in a.. Hybrids are of diverse geographical origins hardy and will look great in your landscape year around in bounds resistance!